How to Care for a Dieffenbachia Plant

Dieffenbachia Plants Care

Dieffenbachia plants Care Dieffenbachia, also commonly known as the dumb cane, is a tropical plant in the Araceae family or arum, a native of the regions of Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Brazil. Several plant species of interior Dieffenbachias are popular. Dieffenbachia has 'dumb cane "its common name, due to its sap poisonous if ingested, which internally can cause pain and swelling of the tongue. There are several species of Dieffenbachia, of which the most common species that are grown as indoor plants are Dieffenbachia Camille, amoeba Dieffenbach, Immaculata Dieffenbach, Tropic Paradise and Snow. 

The reputation isn't completely wrong, but it's undeserved and you most certainly have no need to go all Norman Bates on your Dumb Canes (these emails recommend you gather all your Dieffenbachia plants together and burn them as quick as possible!). The truth is that Dumb Canes are poisonous, however, it rarely kills human or animal. All parts of the plant have lots and lots of microscope needle-shaped calcium oxalate crystals and when some unfortunate animal (or person) chows down they end up with a painful and swollen mouth.
Detail Information on Dieffenbachia


Dieffenbachias are appreciated for their beautiful foliage. The plants are characterized by a thick stem and fleshy and elliptical, and an oval or oblong in a form of variegated foliage. The leaves are large and gradually decreasing toward the apex. They are generally green with white or yellow spots, and the banding along the length of the vein side and edge of deep green color. The leaves are bright and may grow to a length of 15 to 40 cm.

The leaves of the Camilla Dieffenbachia are generally small and oval-shaped with a pointed apex. They are usually creamy-yellow in color with a green border. On the other hand, the variety Dieffenbachia macula is oval-shaped, bright green foliage, marked by green dots white or pale. Thus, the size and color of the foliage of these plants can vary a bit, depending on the specific variety. But, despite this slight variation, the leaves of these plants are very decorative.


its sap is considered poisonous. This is due to the presence of the needle in the form of calcium oxalate crystals, which are generally known as raphides. If the leaves of these plants are chewed or if the sap is ingested, can cause a burning sensation and inflammation of the mouth, throat, tongue and lips. The ingestion of the sap can also cause diarrhea and vomiting. Contact with the skin, on the other hand, can cause itching, redness, and dermatitis. The plant is also toxic to pets.

Care of the plants

they are lovers of the shading plants and that is why it is grown as indoor plants. The bright sunlight but filtered or diffused is sufficient to ensure the healthy growth of the plant. This is the reason why, grow well if kept within the 5 to 7 feet of a window, preferably a window to the north or east. The ideal temperature range for growth Dieffenbachia is 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 60 to 65 degrees at night. If the temperature drops below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, i.e. about 5 degrees Celsius, the plant cannot survive.

Prefers well-drained soils. The ideal soil for pots of this plant is the soil formed by Frank well and rich in organic matter. You can also consider the application of fertilizer in the soil, and is both regular and liquid fertilizers can be used. The soil should be kept moist for the cultivation of this plant. Therefore, the irrigation to fund at regular intervals, it is recommended to keep the plant healthy. However, allow the soil around the root to dry a little between waterings.

To the side of irrigation, the humidity is another important factor for the healthy growth of the cane plant fool. The plant prefers high levels of moisture and therefore regular nebulization is essential. Fertilization can usually carry out during the spring and summer. You can use a good all purpose for the houseplant fertilizer for this purpose. However, be sure to dilute the fertilizer. If the plant is not getting enough nutrition, or if the soil does not contain adequate nutrients, you can observe yellowing of the leaves. As the plant grows, it will drop its leaves lower to give way to new. However, if due to this, the plant loses its attraction and looks too long legs, you can cut the stem back to about 6 to 7 inches. This will encourage new growth.

Unlike many other indoor plants, Dieffenbachias are easier to cultivate, because they require little care and maintenance. In addition, plants with its decorative foliage really can enhance the decor of your home. This is why they are so popular as ornamental indoor plants. However, from time to time, the plant can be infested with pests such as aphids, mealybugs, mites, thrips, mites, and two spots scales, which can be quite problematic. For such problems, it is better to have the assistance of a professional in this field.

How to Care for a Dieffenbachia Plant

Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. Plant the dumbcane in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. Check the soil to make sure it is dry an inch down before watering the dieffenbachia plant.

Rotate the dieffenbachia houseplant regularly to provide adequate light to all sides of the plant and prevent it from reaching toward the light on one side. When growing dumbcane dieffenbachia of various cultivars, check light requirements for the particular plant. 

It’s also important to note that the leaves, if chewed or eaten, can cause temporary swelling of the tongue and throat, leading to a temporary loss of speech and the common plant name of dumbcane. While this is usually not serious, it can cause suffocation. Avoid placing the dumbcane plant where curious children or pets might be tempted to taste it.

Subscribe to receive free email updates: