Types of Soils

Home Decor - On the surface of the land on which the living beings survive. The soil is the layer which is composed with many substances, in this layer various plants have their roots. The soil consists of many substances such as particles of weathered rock and decaying plants and animal matter. Did you know that it takes more than a thousand years to form a thin layer of earth? If the soil is very precious. The soil consists of various materials such as particles of rock ​ ​disaggregated and organic material. There are different types of soil and the various ways to classify.

There are many systems of soil classification. There are two main systems system are the vernacular and the scientific system. Vernacular System is developed by users of the land. For example, in the vernacular soil system can be categorized as red soil, black soil, the soil of yellow color, the hot floor, etc in the scientific system of the soil can be classified in accordance with the development of the ground or the amount of substances present in the soil. As there are several systems for classifying soils, means the land classification is not static. This makes the land classification vast and confusing at times. However, the majority of soil classification is based on the size of the particles it contains. Categorization of soil or earth by the particle size is more common, and can easily be performed at home. This classification helps to understand the basic properties of the soil and helps to conclude whether the type of soil is good enough for gardening or farming.

Soil types

therefore, depending on the size of the particles in the soil, which can be classified into the following types:

  • The sandy soil
  • silty bottom
  • clay soil
  • clay ground
  • peat soils
  • chalky soil
  • sandy soil

to check if the soil is sandy, moisten a small sample of soil and try to make a ball with the palms. If the soil is sandy, then there is no balls of earth is formed and the floor will crumble and fall through your fingers.

This type of soil has the largest particles, and the larger size of the particles in a soil is the better aeration and drainage of the soil. This soil is granular and is composed of rock and mineral particles that are very small. Therefore, the texture is sandy. The sandy soil is formed by the disintegration and the erosion of rocks such as limestone, granite, quartz and slate. The sandy soil is easier to grow if it is rich in organic material, but then is allowed to drain more than necessary, resulting in excess of drainage and the dehydration of the plants in the summer. Warms up very quickly in the spring season. So if you want to grow your plant in sandy soil, it is imperative that you water regularly in the summers and give it a rest in the winter and the rainy season. The sandy soil retains a certain amount of moisture and nutrients. In a form of sandy soil is good for plants because it allows drainage of water easily, so that it avoids the problems of the rot.

Loam soil

to check if the soil is clay has, take a small amount of wet earth and rubbing it between your fingers. If the soil is a silty bottom, you will feel mancha and adhere to the fingers.

Silty soil is considered to be one of the most fertile of the soil. Can occur in nature as the ground or as suspended sediment in the water column of a body of water in the earth's surface. It is composed of minerals like quartz and fine organic particles. It is granular as sandy soil, but has more nutrients than the sandy soil and offers a better drainage. In the case of silty bottom is dry has a smoother texture and looks like dark sand. This type of soil can retain more moisture and at times becomes compact. It offers a better drainage and is much easier to work with when you have moisture.

Clay soil

to identify if the soil is clay, take a soil sample with water and wet. Feel it between your palms. You will find clay soil is sticky and holds a good amount of water.

Clay is a type of material that occurs naturally and is composed of material with a very fine grain with air spaces very bottom. Because of this, it is difficult to work with this soil, due to the drainage in this soil is low. Therefore, it is not possible for the water to produce the registry, which can damage the roots of the plant. The clayey soil becomes very heavy when wet and if the crop has to be done, organic fertilizers need to be added to the soil. The clayey soil is formed after years of disintegration already rock weathering. It is also formed as sedimentary deposits after the rock is degraded, eroded and transported. The clayey soil, due to their process of formation is rich in mineral content.

Taking into account these three soil types of sand, silt and clay are the main ones. Apart from these there are three more sub soil-types mentioned below that contain some amount of the previous soil.


This clay soil is composed of sand, silt and clay to a certain extent. It is believed that the perfect soil for gardening. The texture is rough and retains water very easily, however, the drainage is good. There are several types of clay soil that go from the fertile turf very muddy and thick. However, of all the different types of soil, clay soil is ideal for the cultivation. Therefore, in the event that you are thinking of starting a garden or a small garden, apply a layer of clay soil to the garden before you start planting.

Peat Soils

This soil type is basically composed by the accumulation of dead organic matter or decomposed, it is natural that contains a lot more organic matter that most of the soils. It is generally found in marshy areas. The decomposition of organic matter in this soil is blocked by the acidity of the soil. This type of soil is formed in wet weather. Although the soil is rich in organic matter, nutrients are less in this type of soil than any other type. Peat soils is prone to the accumulation of water, but if the soil is fertilized well and soil drainage is careful, you can be the ideal for the cultivation of plants.

Limy soils

unlike peat land, limestone soil is very alkaline in nature and consists of a large number of stones. The fertility of this type of soil depends on the depth of the earth that is in the bed of chalk. This type of soil is prone to dryness and in summers is a bad choice for planting, since plants require much more irrigation and fertilization than in any other type of soil. Chalky soil, in addition to being dry also locks the nutritional elements for plants such as iron and magnesium.

In addition to the classification above the ground, of the following popular classification of soil is in accordance with the level of pH of the soil. In this classification, the ground is an acid or alkaline soil depending on the amount of humus, organic matter and the underlying rock. But, no matter what the soil type is, every land has its own advantages and disadvantages, and there are several plants that have different requirements. Because all the plants do not need the same type of soil.

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